SECTION 3 - Prohibits dealings in foreign exchange except through an authorised person. This section states that no person can, without general or special permission of the RBI-
SECTION 4 - Restrains any person resident in India from acquiring, holding, owning, possessing or transferring any foreign exchange, foreign security or any immovable property situated outside India except as specifically provided in the Act. The terms "foreign exchange" and "foreign security" are defined in sections 2(n) and 2(o) respectively of the Act. The Central Govt. has made Foreign Exchange Management (Current Account Transactions) Rules, 2000.
SECTION 6 - deals with capital account transactions. This section allows a person to draw or sell foreign exchange from or to an authorised person for a capital account transaction. RBI in consultation with Central Govt. has issued various regulations on capital account transactions in terms of sub-section (2) and (3 ) of section 6.
SECTION 7 - deals with export of goods and services. Every exporter is required to furnish to the RBI or any other authority, a declaration, etc., regarding full export value.
SECTION 8 - casts the responsibility on the persons resident in India who have any amount of foreign exchange due or accrued in their favour to get the same realised and repatriated to India within the specific period and the manner specified by RBI..
SECTIONS 10 and 12 - deals with duties and liabilities of the authorized persons. Authorised person has been defined in Sec.2(c) of the Act which means an authorised dealer, money changer, off shore banking unit or any other person for the time being authorized to deal in foreign exchange or foreign securities.
SECTIONS 13 and 15 - of the Act deal with penalties and enforcement of the orders of Adjudicating Authority as well power to compound contraventions under the Act.
SECTION 36 to 37 - pertains to the establishment of Directorate of Enforcement and the powers to investigate the violation of any provisions of Act, rule, regulation, notifications, directions or order issued in exercise of the powers under this Act. The Director of Enforcement and other officers of Enforcement not below the rank of Asstt. Director have been empowered to take up investigations.