Prevention of Money Laundering
- Institutional Framework
- Adjudicating Authority
- Appellate Tribunal
- International Cooperation
- Tackling Black Money
Statutory Frame Work
Special Courts have been set-up in a number of States / UTs by the Central Government to conduct the trial of the offences of money laundering. The authorities under the Act like the Director, Adjudicating Authority and the Appellate Tribunal have been constituted to carry out the proceedings related to attachment and confiscation of any property derived from money laundering.
In order to enlarge the scope of this Act and to achieve the desired objectives, the Act provides for bilateral agreements between countries to cooperate with each other and curb the menace of money laundering. These agreements shall be for the purpose of either enforcing the provisions of this Act or for the exchange of information which shall help in the prevention in the commission of an offence under this Act or the corresponding laws in that foreign State.
In certain cases the Central Government may seek/ provide assistance from/to a contracting State for any investigation or forwarding of evidence collected during the course of such investigation.
The Act provides for reciprocal arrangements for processes/assistance with regard to accused persons.
The Government has constituted the Financial Intelligence Unit, India, in November, 2004, headed by Director in the rank of a Joint Secretary to the Government of India. The organization has become functional and has started receiving Cash Transaction Reports and Suspicious Transactions Reports from the banking companies etc. in terms of Section 12 of the PMLA. The organization is also in the process of seeking membership of Egmont Group of FIUs which is an umbrella group of FIUs of various countries.
Powers of investigation and prosecution for offences under the Act have been conferred on the Director, Enforcement Directorate.
In addition, the Adjudicating Authority in terms of section 6 of the Act and the Appellate Tribunal under section 25 of the Act have also been constituted and have become functional###